Dr. J.M. (Jaap) Vleugel


Education and non-TUD years
Jaap studied general economics (macro- and micro-economics) and business IT at the Faculty of Economics and Business Sciences of the Free University in Amsterdam. His (Drs.) thesis dealt with road pricing. He was invited as junior researcher at the Economic and Social Institute (ESI)/Dpt. of Spatial Economics while working on his internship project for the OECD. He mastered project management in many externally financed spatial- & transport(-economic) projects.

Then he spent a few years in various jobs: A logistic simulation software start-up, transport- (freight) and environmental consultancy (nature finance, impact studies).

PhD thesis
Jaap started his PhD project (Transport and Land-use scenarios, 2000), content-wise unrelated to his full-time jobs, just before he left Free University. He continued as an external candidate in his free time. It was a pleasant distraction.

TU Delft research - OTB years (2001-2011)
He worked at TU Delft's (former) OTB Research Institute in the Freight Transport section as project leader in projects in railways and city logistics. It was an enriching and stimulating experience to work in a dedicated research environment. Business-like, short lines, hence fast decision-making and very professionally managed.

TU Delft education - CiTG & TIL (2011-202x)
Jaap gradually became involved in education. His extensive research and management experience guide him in learning students what (not) to apply from their earlier courses and successfully manage their projects. The design and thesis projects meet academic standards while the developed (technical) tools and provided recommendations lend themselves for (direct) implementation.


Team player & one-man army, multi-lingual. Interdisciplinarity starts with the individual as multi-specialist. I do not believe in the partial 'solutions' offered by so-called experts. A multi-specialist masters a few fields at a good level.
We unfortunately live in a world where convincing leadership is rather scarce. This amplifies the many uncertainties we already experience. It is good to know that there are still people around who have the brains, range, perseverance and integrity to help their customers (students in particular) to reach a new level in self-confidence and maturity. Work with me and you won't hear the usual 'not possible', 'too complex'. Send an invite to explore mutual interests. Stay healthy!

Qualifying courses

2016 - Coachend Leiderschap (LCL)
2015/2016 - Univ. Teaching Qualification (UTQ/BKO) M21-22-23-31-32-48
2009/2010 - Leergang Academisch Leiderschap (HRM24)


  • Supply chain operations & management issues
  • (City) logistics and freigh transport (all modalities)
  • Sustainable technology and behaviour
  • Intermodal terminals/hubs
  • Railway technology
  • Economic and financial issues
  • Land-use: (business) location choice
  • Public transport
  • Supporting policies

Methods and tools

  • Design/systems engineering
  • Logistic analytics, lean
  • Scenarios, case studies, business case
  • Models (excel), mca, (s)cba
  • Marketing & communication

Civil Engineering & Geosciences (CiTG)

  • (2021-) CEE5007 PDEng Civil and Environmental Engineering: Lecturer & coordinator in module 3 (CBA) & module 4 (Business case)
  • (2021-) CT-MI-186-21 Minor Integrated Infrastructure Design (IID):
    • CT3200 Infrastructure Planning & Governance
  • (2020-) Internship CIE4040-09: Advisor for MSc TIL students

Interfaculty MSc TIL

Code Year Pass Exam Busy Prep
TIL5050   2013> 120G   12G  
TIL5060 2012> 44 2 9 1
ME54035 2010> 30   1  



Civil Engineering & Geosciences (CiTG)

  • (2015-20) BSc CT3366 (CT-MI127 Minor TIL) Economie van Transport en Externe Effecten. Final lectures (2019-20): C1, C2, C3, C6

Interfaculty MSc TIL

  • (2018-2021) TIL Graduation coordinator

Civil Engineering & Geosciences (CiTG)

  • (2015-) Minor CT-MI-186-21 Integrated Infrastructure Design (IID):
    • CT3201 Interdisciplinary & Collaborative Design Project: Invited expert

Interfaculty MSc TIL

  • (2012-) TIL5060 Thesis: Supervisor & graduation committee member


  • (2010-) ME54035 Thesis: Graduation committee member


  • (2020-) AR0109 City of Innovations Project (invited expert)
  • (2020-) AR3CS021 Seminar Cross Domain City (tutor)
  • (2020-) AR3CS100 Graduation Studio Cross Domain City of the Future (tutor)

Invited lectures, master classes, seminars

CT3080LR - Landside accessibility of Airports - "Reporting techniques and creativity", 05-09-2019.

AR3CS100 MSC3 - City of the Future, Lecture "Freight distribution in cities: Design challenges", 14-09-2020, 07-09-21. Master Class 17-09-21, Seminar 24-09-21.

Earlier courses

Civil Engineering & Geosciences

  • (2015-2020) CIE4040-09 Internships: Supervisor, content advisor
  • (2013-19, 2020-21) CTB3000-16 BEP
  • (2021) BSc BJ-TU: Supervisor

Other education

  • (2014) CME MSc thesis
  • (2019) IDE MSc thesis: Expert/advisor
  • (2013) BSc / MSc / PhD Thesis other universities: Advisor

Important information

To reduce my workload, I will not accept new TIL thesis students until March, 1, 2022.


TIL5060 thesis BUSY

[Infrastructure planning]

Erik Hadders, Incorporating interdependence into a decision support framework for the renewal of hydraulic infrastructure, A case study at Zoutkampstudy for TAUW, Delft, 2-12-2021.


Jet Dijkzeul, Lost-in-mail, A case study at Bol.com, Delft.

Andrian Supryanto, Redesign of reverse supply chain strategies for returnable packaging, A case study at Prysmian Group the Netherlands, Delft.

Michiel Nanninga, Increasing export efficiency in times of a global container shortage, A project proposal for Heineken Netherlands Supply (HNS), Delft.

Willem-Jan Eil, Application of Design of Experiments on the Discrete-event Simulation of the Outbound Logistics of an E-commerce Warehouse Design to support decision making regarding an e-commerce warehouse design for a third-party logistics provider, study for DPD, Delft.

Christine van Diemen, How the livability of urban areas get affected by the increase of e-commerce, A case study of the city center of Amsterdam, study for Deloitte, Delft.

Claire Post, Towards optimized customer segmentation parameters to reduce Cost-to-Deliver and Environmental Costs, A Case Study on Royal Philips, Delft.

[Smart mobility]

Jules Boelhouwer, Towards an optimal distribution of lease bicycles, A case study at Swapfiets, Delft, 02-12-2021.

Israe Chetouani, Exploring integrated hubs, An exploratory study into the possibility of allocating logistics functions to mobility hubs, study for AT Osborne, Delft, 29-11-2021.

Michiel de Roos, Shared mobility/hubs, internal TU Delft project, Delft.

[Public transport]

Jonathan Imang, Bus transport in Paramaribo, Delft.



TIL5060 thesis PREP

Koen Schukinck Kool



MSc TIL5060 thesis finished > Sustainability

Stefan van Lier, Optimizing solid waste management in theme parks, A case study at Efteling, Delft, 04-11-2020.

Max Buirma, Ship based carbon capture storage and utilisation, A roadmap towards implementation for large LNG powered offshore vessels, study for Heerema Contractors, Delft, 29-10-2020.

Jacob Thijssen, How can financiers improve the carbon efficienty of their shipping portfolios. Case study at NIBC Bank, Delft, 31-11-2019.

Thomas Mulder, How to increase local value added and make the supply chain of cashew nuts more sustainable, study for TDG, Delft, 11-07-2019.

Ilias Bouhannouche, Evaluating the operational and financial feasibility of battery-electric AGVs at brownfield container terminals, study for ECT, Delft, 07-02-2019.

Dioeke Tromp, Airside vehicles: Roads to CO2 reduction The design of an Emission-Prediction-Decision Model (EPDM), Delft, 12-11-2018.

Hadassa Stevens, Towards an adequate methodology for GHG emissions accounting in logistics, A case study at Heineken, Delft, 1-10-2018.

Rutger van Ouwerkerk, Environmental network optimisation using Physical Internet logistics in the parcel delivery industry, study for Post.nl, Delft, 31-07-2018.


TIL5060 thesis finished > 2020-

[Airport design/operations]

Joost de Graeff, Determining the feasibility of a new airport passenger terminal concept based on seamless flow technology, Mixing domestic and international passengers in passenger terminal facilities, study for NACO, Delft, 20-08-2020.

[Infrastructure planning]

Ward de Jong, Towards smart transport infrastructure, A concept roadmap to implement smart transport infrastructure for movable bridges in the Netherlands, study for Witteveen + Bos, Delft, 17-08-2020.


Hidde van Wezel, Conceptual Design of a Parcel Hub Scheduling Process to Balance the Inbound Transportion Flow, a casestudy at DPD Veenendaal, Delft, 16-11-2021.

Quirine van Rooyen, Towards a zero defect based assembly warehouse, A case study at DHL Supply Chain Bergen op Zoom, Delft, 26-08-21.

Anne van Langevelde, Designing a strategic process performance measurement system for the Dutch Flower Auctions, study for Royal Flora Holland, Delft, 24-08-21.

Vittorio Mandolesi, Evaluating transport and warehousing costs savings opportunity through direct delivery implementation in a supply chain distribution structure with DCs: Case study at Philips coffee business, Delft, 26-05-21.

Julius Scheepens, Modelling the optimal customer-allocation in an edible oil supply chain network, A case-study at Cargill’s fully refined rapeseed oil network in Western-Europe, Delft, 26-05-21.

Peter Joon, Improving on-site logistics, The case of the on-site transportation planning of Tata Steel IJmuiden, study for ORTEC. Delft, 15-12-2020.

Willemijn van der Elst, Towards continuous flow in production lines, A case study at Heineken Zoeterwoude, Delft, 13-05-2020.

Iris Vendrik, Strategies to regulate inbound logistics at convention centers, A case study of the RAI Amsterdam, Delft, 01-07-2020.


[Rail freight]

Frank Heins, Freight traffic on the Dutch railway network in 2030 and 2040, study for DB Cargo Nederland, 29-09-2020.

Tugba Uzel, Information sharing and collaboration between the logistic partners of intermodal rail transport, study for Port of Rotterdam Authority, Delft, 25-06-2020.



MSc TIL5050-20/12 Design > Sustainability

Amjad, A., Bommer, L., Hadders, E., Veer, R. van, Vreede, S. de, Solar based methanol production in Oman, report for TUD P&E Zero Emission Fuels, 29-04-2021.

Barneveld, A, Bentem, L. van, Bron, T., Ensing, J., Ziedses des Plantes, M., Emission-free alternative K5, report for Post.nl, 21-04-2021.

Diemen, C. van., Vianen, J., Dijkzeul, J., Supriyanto, A. W., Moorlag, L., Regional Barge Team, report for FYNLY/SUIT-CASE, 23-02-2021.

Parrondo Ojanguren, D., Seher Cebeci, M., Rozing, S., Skoulas, V., Yan, Z., Metropolitan Hub Design for Utrecht City, report for FYNLY/SUIT-CASE, 4-02-2021.

Chandrashekar, V., Miao, R., Piña, M., Singh, J., Heemstra, S. van, Opportunity for LTL: Towards a Greener Business, report for Sennder, Delft, 29-01-2021.

Dik, K., Geurts, J., Langevelde, A. van, Temlali, S., Framework for a metropolitan hub, Final report on the design of a framework for a construction materials hub in the Metropole Region of Rotterdam, report for FYNLY/SUIT-CASE, 09-07-2020.

Band, M., Boertje, L.J., Trepat, J., Wiel, T.W. van de , Freight Logistics in M4H Rotterdam, report for Ingenieursbureau Rotterdam, Delft 05-05-2020.

Chung, E., Hooft, F.M., Joon, P.J.A., Leeuwen, B. van, Poelgeest, M. van, Developing a decision support tool to assess the feasibility of the Asphalt Recycling Train in The Netherlands, report for DuraVermeer, Delft, 09-03-2020.

Grolle, J., Koev, V., Oostenbroek, A., Strikwerda, N., Woensdregt, K., Improving KLM's waste stream logistics, Delft, 12-02-2020.

Broekman, M., Loudon, E., Graeff, J. de, Kalf, H., Sustainable taxiing and push back in 2030 on Schiphol for Transavia, Delft, 05-02-2020.

Bentem, K., Buirma, M., Duurling, K. van, Schuckink Kool, K., Turhan, E., Alternative marine fuels, A cost comparison model for 2050, report for TUD P&E Zero Emission Fuels, Delft, 10-12-2019.

Buitenweg, A., Rooij, D. van, Vendrik, I., Verhoeven, K., Volberda, L, Analytically determining the optimal location for a solar methanol farm, report for TUD P&E Zero Emission Fuels, Delft, 08-05-2019.

Indriana, I.R., Apparcel, M., Boogaard, R. van den, Jonsdottit, S.B., Gan, Z., Transportation optimization of BCTN’s terminals, Delft, 31-11-18.

Cheng., P-Y., Ebers, Th., Rugge, T. van, Zuurbier, E., Exploring the Smart Place Concept – A case study for the municipality of Amsterdam and Goudappel Coffeng, Delft, 30-04-2018.

Alphen, M.C., Overtoom, I.A.E., Rieske, J.H.E., Verweij, K.M., Turnaround terminal, report for Deerns, 24-04-2018.

Diran, D.D., Cornelisse, E.P., Rijsman, L.F., Aanhane, F.H.J., Heijden, T. van der, Taxsea!, Optimization of crew change logistics in offshore industry, report for Ampelmann, Delft, 23-08-2017.

Bronsvoort, K.A., Dokter, A.L., Versluys, G.V., Zuniga, E.A., Parking facility design for the future, report for Deerns, Delft, 18-05-2017.

Dimitropoulos, Ch., Soekander, L., He. Y., Xie, W., Delft Smart City, Planning for the future of Delft Schieoevers North, project for Delft Municipality, Delft, 10-02-2017.

Arends, E., Borst, L., Mensink, V., Pronk, R., Tuin, M. van, EV-Box in the USA, Designing the most cost-efficient way to assemble and deliver charging stations, Delft, 23-06-2016.

Klein, A., Vaessen, M., Vreede, N. de, Welsenes, J. van, Yu, S., Analyses and recommendations on the distribution and warehousing processes of Foods and Home & Personal Care shared SKU’sin the Benelux, project for Unilever Benelux, Delft, 21-01-2016.

Looff., E., Roelofsen, D., Schoenmaker, H., Straaten, J. van, Composite access structures, towards implementation, project for Huisman Equipment B.V., Delft, 12-01-2016.

Blangé, J., Geerts B., Li, T., Zhou, T., Feasibility of car-free cities, final report TIL Designproject, internal TUD project, Delft, 30-06-2014.

Blijenburgh, R., Kerpel, D., Nieuwenhuijsen, J., Tielbeek, E., A refreshing insight in transport solutions for Heineken, Delft, 23-06-2014.



2006-2011 - EU Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP6), project CREAM “Customer driven Rail-freight services on a European mega-corridor based on Advanced business and operating Models”; final activity report. Main goal of the project was to improve west-south-east rail freight transport in a quite wide corrider involving rail, truck (ROLA) and short sea legs.
Dr. Jaap Vleugel was the Dutch project manager and carried out 95% of the research. In close cooperation with Keyrail, he authored reports about Rotterdam's Port Line (transition to ERTMS/25 KV) and the development  and technical installations of the Betuweroute dedicated freigh line; Research RA 5.1, Demonstration DA 5.1, Training TA 5.1. OTB's share was around 550 KE. Project managers were Hacon and KombiConsult.

2007 - Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal, Onderzoeks- en Verficatiebureau, HSL beveiliging ERTMS; press 1, press 2. Main goal of the project was to analyse the technical, organisational and political context and issues during the implementation of ERTMS (level 1, 2) on the HSL-South passenger railway connecting Schiphol with Antwerpen and, based on that suggest some lessons for future ERTMS implementations. Dr. Jaap Vleugel was responsible for most of the research work. Dr. ir. John Baggen and he were the main authors of the final report. Project leader was safety expert prof. dr. ir. John Stoop.

2006 - EU Committee of the Regions (CoR), Natural cross-border barriers to the development of Trans-European Transport Networks (non published version). The main goal of this project was to analyse specific bottlenecks in passenger and freight corridors in Europe. Dr. Jaap Vleugel was project leader and main author and editor.

Example bottleneck (2006): Single track railway bridge near the French (Strassbourg) - German (Kehl) border.

City logistics

Dr. Jaap Vleugel was involved in several projects in a period when the discussion about the last mile was evolving, but sustainable mobility was hampered by a lack of available technology. How the situation has changed in more then a decade.

2006 - Bestufs 2. An international cooperation between European research institutes specialized in freight transport and logistics.  A report about the Dutch state-of-the-art. Regarding modeling, the situation has changed favourably. However, the lack of data is still a problem in many of these projects.

2003-2005 - Verklaring Stedelijke Distributie (VSD) projects (Dutch) by TRAIL for Connekt. These projects were directed at the analysis of the city logistic process in several Dutch cities, including Amsterdam and Utrecht. For each of these, a so-called delivery profile was to be developed. While we could benefit from the cooperation with DHV Consultants for the field work, there was a considerable lack of dedicated information about actual logistic decision-making and operational logistics (on the road). A few case studies cannot easily be generalized to represent a full city; report. On the positive side, studies like these tells commissioners and other stakeholders that more research (programs and funds) are needed.

Selected papers

  • Bal, F. & Vleugel, J., Inland rail freight services with less fuel and lower emissions, International Journal of Energy Production and Management, Vol. 6, No. 2 (2021), 170-180. ISSN: 2056-3280, DOI: 10.2495/EQ-V6-N2-170-180, Southampton: WIT Press.

  • Bal., F. & Vleugel, J.M., Towards more environmentally sustainable intercontinental freight transport, in: International Journal of Transport, Development and Integration, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2020), 129-141. ISSN: 2058-8313, DOI: 10.2495/TDI-V4-N2-129-141, Southampton: WIT Press.
  • Vleugel, J.M. & Bal, F., Towards zero CO2-, NOX- and PM10-emissions by passenger cars: Technology & Behaviour, in: International Journal of Environmental Impacts, Vol. 2, No. 2 (2019) 192–205. ISSN: 2398-2659, DOI:10.2495/EI-V2-N2-192-205, Southampton: WIT Press. 
  • Vleugel, J.M. & Bal, F., A business-leisure traveller goes to Valencia: Fuel, CO2, time and cost, in: International Journal of Transport, Development and Integration, Vol. 3, No. 1 (2019), 44-54. ISSN: 2058-8313, DOI: 10.2495/TDI-V3-N1-44-54, Southampton: WIT Press.

  • Vleugel, J.M. & Bal, F., Regional goods delivery: How to reduce its CO2-, NOx- and PM10-emissions ?, in: International Journal of Energy Production and Management, Vol. 3, No. 4 (2018) 338-347. ISSN: 2056-3280, DOI: 10.2495/EQ-V3-N4-338-347, Southampton: WIT Press.

  • Bal, F & Vleugel J.M., Heavy-duty trucks and new engine technology: impact on fuel consumption, emissions and trip cost, in: Int. J. of Energy Production and Management, Vol. 3, No. 3 (2018) 167-178. doi: 10.2495/EQ-V3-N3-167-178.

  • Bal, F., & J.M. Vleugel, 2014, Climate change adaptation: Use and value of a climate buffer area, Int. J. of Safety and Security Eng., Vol. 4, No. 3 (2014) 193-206.

  • Vleugel, J. & Bal, F., 2012, Some approaches to reduce transport time of intermodal services: Smart rail investments, European Transport \ Trasporti Europei (2012), Issue 52, Paper no. 3, ISSN 1825-3997, pp. 1-15.

  • Janic, M & Vleugel, J.M., 2012. Estimating potential reductions in externalities from rail–road substitution in Trans-European freight transport corridors. Transportation Research. Part D: Transport & Environment, 17(2), March 2012, 154-160. 

  • Vleugel, J.M., Modelling goods city distribution in the Netherlands, European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, Vol. X (2004) 28, pp. 20-33.


  • Vleugel, J.M., Gent, H. van, Duurzame ontwikkeling, mobiliteit en bereikbaarheid, naar een onderzoeksagenda, ITL no. 10, DUP, Delft, 1991.

  • Vleugel, J., Gent, H. van, Nijkamp, P., The Netherlands, in: Button, K. (ed.),Transport and the environment, Six case studies, Routledge, London, 1990.

Jaap Vleugel

Senior researcher / lecturer

  • +31 (15) 27 86487
  • j.m.vleugel@tudelft.nl
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

    Building 23

    Stevinweg 1

    2628 CN Delft

    Room: 4.27

    Entrance: B or C

    Monday-Thursday online only
    Request by email

Dehlaila Da Costa