Prof. dr. ir. C. Poelma


Multiphase Systems

Research Interests:

(experimental) multiphase flow, flow measurement techniques, cardiovascular flow


OpaqueFlows (ERC-Consolidator)
Prediction and control of flow-induced noise in corrugated pipes with gas-liquid flow at elevated pressure
SLING - Sloshing of Liquefied Natural Gas
The hemodynamics of vascular remodelling
Characterization of cavitation during the closing of mechanical (heart) valves
Ultrasound Particle Image Velocimetry: measuring blood flow in an nonintrusive way


WB2542 Stroming & Warmte - Stromingsleer (2nd year Fluid Mechanics for BSc Mechanical Engineering)
KT1601 Cardiovasculair en Respiratoir systeem en Biomedische instrumentatie (1st year B.Sc. Klinische Technologie)

Education and Research Experience

2012 University of Oxford (Fluids & Biocomplexity group, visiting researcher)
2004-2005 California Institute of Technology (Bioengineering, postdoc)
1999-2004 Delft University of Technology (3ME; PhD)
1993-1999 Delft University of Technology (Chem. Eng., MSc)


2014 Measurement Science & Technology - Outstanding Paper Award
2004 NWO Talent Fellowship


ERC Consolidator Grant ("OpaqueFlows", 2016), STW, FOM, Medical Delta, SRON (NWO), Shell, Marie Curie ITN


The list below may not always be up-to-date. Alternatively, you can check Google Scholar or CiteULike.

Peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, etc. 


Ghahramani, E., Jahangir, S., Neuhauser, M., Bourgeois, S., Poelma, C., & Bensow, R. E. (2020). Experimental and numerical study of cavitating flow around a surface mounted semi-circular cylinder. International Journal of Multiphase Flow124, 103191

Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry in High-Speed Turbulent Flows - Sources of Measurement Errors and a New Approach for Higher Accuracy Experiments in Fluids  61 (2), 1-17 (2020)

Geelhoed et al. (2019) A novel method for engineering autologous non-thrombogenic in situ tissue-engineered blood vessels for arteriovenous grafting. Biomaterials 229, 119577

Van Meerkerk M., Poelma C. and Westerweel J. (2019) Scanning Stereo-PLIF Method for Free Surface Measurements in Large 3D Domains. Experiments in Fluids 61 (1), 1-16


Jahangir S, Wagner EC, Mudde RF Poelma C (2019) Void fraction measurements in partial cavitation regimes by X-ray computed tomography. Int. J. Multiphase Flow 120, 103085

Goyens, J., Pourquie, M.J.B.M., Poelma, C. and Westerweel J. “Asymmetric cupula displacement due to endolymph vortex in the human semicircular canal” Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology (2019)

Rawat D., Pourquie M, Poelma C (2019) “Numerical Investigation of Turbulence in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 141(6), 061001  


Hogendoorn, W., & Poelma, C. (2018). “Particle-laden pipe flows at high volume fractions show transition without puffs”. Physical Review Letters121(19), 194501.

Dash, A., Jahangir, S., & Poelma, C. (2018). Direct comparison of shadowgraphy and X-ray imaging for void fraction determination. Measurement Science and Technology (in print)

van Eckeveld, A. C., Gotfredsen, E., Westerweel, J., & Poelma, C. (2018). Annular two-phase flow in vertical smooth and corrugated pipes. International Journal of Multiphase Flow (in print)

Jahangir S., Hogendoorn W., and  Poelma C. "Dynamics of partial cavitation in an axisymmetric converging-diverging nozzle." International Journal of Multiphase Flow 106 (2018): 34-45


van Eckeveld, A. C., J. Westerweel, and C. Poelma. "Mitigation of whistling in vertical corrugated pipes by liquid addition." Experiments in Fluids 58.9 (2017): 107

Leguy CAD, Delfos R, Pourquie MJBM, Poelma C, Westerweel J, van Loon JWA  (2017) "Fluid dynamics during Random Positioning Machine micro-gravity experiments" Advances in Space Research 59 (12) 3045-3057

Kunnen SJ, Leonhard WN, Semeins C, Hawinkels LJAC, Poelma C, ten Dijke P, Bakker A, Hierck BP, Peters DJM (2017) “Fluid-flow induced TGF-β signaling in ciliated renal epithelial cells is modulated by MEK1/2” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 74 (12) 2283-2298

 Fraser, K.H., Poelma, C., Zhou, B., Bazigou, E., Tang, M.X. and Weinberg, P.D., 2017. Ultrasound imaging velocimetry with interleaved images for improved pulsatile arterial flow measurements: a new correction method, experimental and in vivo validation. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 14(127), p.20160761

Poelma C "Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry; a review" Experiments in Fluids 58 (1) 3 (2017)


Gurung A and  Poelma C "Measurement of turbulence statistics in single-phase and two-phase flows using Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry" Experiments in Fluids 57 (11) 2016

Gurung A, Haverkort J, Drost S, Norder B, Westerweel J and Poelma C (2016) “Ultrasound image velocimetry for real-time rheological measurements” Measurement Science & Technology 27 (9) 094008

 Dummer A, Poelma C, De Ruiter MC, Goumans MJTH and Hierck BP “Measuring the primary cilium length: improved method for unbiased high-throughput analysis” Cilia 5:7 (2016)


Poelma C "Exploring the potential of blood flow network data" Meccanica (2015, in print) IF: 1.949 C "Exploring the potential of blood flow network data" Meccanica; in print DOI 10.1007/s11012-015-0255-4

Poelma C, Watton PN, Ventikos Y "Transitional flow in aneurysms and the computation of haemodynamic parameters" J Roy Soc Interface vol. 12 (105) April 2015

Kim H, Poelma C, Ooms G and Westerweel J "Experimental and theoretical study of dewetting corner flow" Journal of Fluid Mechanics; Vol.762 / January 2015, pp 393- 416

Poelma C and Hierck BP "Hemodynamics in the developing cardiovascular system" in: HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FLOW IN BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES (Elsevier, 2015; e-book version)

Kloosterman A, Hierck BP, Westerweel J and Poelma C "Quantification of blood flow and topology in developing vascular networks" PLoS ONE 9(5): e96856. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096856

Franken MJZ, Poelma C, and Westerweel J "Nanoscale contact line visualization based on total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy" Opt. Express, 21(22):26093–26102, 2013 [link]

Poelma C and Fraser KH "Enhancing the dynamic range of ultrasound imaging velocimetry using interleaved imaging" Measurement Science & Technology 24 115701 (2013) [link]

Zhou B, Fraser KH, Poelma C, Mari JM, Eckersley RJ, Weinberg PD and Tang MX "Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry: effect of beam sweeping on velocity estimation" Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (available online)

 Oosterbaan AM, Poelma C, Bon E, Steegers-Theunissen RPM, Steegers EAP and Ursem NTC "Altered wall shear stresses in the embryonic chicken outflow tract due to homocysteine exposure" J. Med. Biol. Eng. (in print; DOI:10.5405/jmbe.1417)

 Poelma C, Kloosterman A, Hierck BP and Westerweel J “Accurate blood flow measurements: are artificial tracers necessary?” PLoS ONE 7(9): e45247

Poelma C., Van der Mijle R., Mari JM, Tang MX, Weinberg PD and Westerweel J "Ultrasound imaging velocimetry: toward reliable wall shear stress measurements" European Journal of Mechanic B - Fluids 35 70-75 (2012) 

Elsinga GE, Poelma C, Schröder A, Geisler R., Scarano F and Westerweel J "Tracking of vortices in a turbulent boundary layer" Journal of Fluid Mechanics 697 273-295 (2012) [link]

Trip R., Kuik D.J., Westerweel J. and Poelma C. (2011) "An experimental study of transitional pulsatile pipe flow" Physics of Fluids 24, 014103 (2012); doi: 10.1063/1.3673611 [link]

Egorova A.D., Van der Heiden K., Van de Pas S., Vennemann P., Poelma C., DeRuiter M.C., Goumans M.J.T.H., Gittenberger-de Groot, A.C., ten Dijke P., Poelmann R.E. and Hierck B.P.(2011) "Tgf-beta signaling is required for shear stress induced klf2 expression in embryonic endothelial cells" Developmental Dynamics 240 (7) pp.1670-1680 [link] 

Van Ooij P., A. Guédon, C. Poelma, J. Schneiders, M. C. M. Rutten, H. A. Marquering, C.B. Majoie, E. van Bavel and A. J. Nederveen (2012) "Complex flow patterns in a real-size intracranial aneurysm phantom: phase contrast MRI compared with particle image velocimetry and computational fluid dynamics" NMR in Biomedicine 25 (1) pp.14-26 [link]

Wielhouwer E.M., Ali S., Al-Afandi A., Blom M.T., Riekerink M.B.O., Poelma C. et al. (2011) "Zebrafish embryo development in a microfluidic flow-through system" Lab on a Chip 11 (10) pp.1815-1824 [link]

A. Kloosterman, C. Poelma and J. Westerweel (2011) "Flow rate estimation in large depth-of-field micro-PIV" Experiments in Fluids 50 (6) pp.1587-1599 [link]

C. Poelma and J. Westerweel (2010) "Generalized displacement estimation for averages of non-stationary flows" Experiments in Fluids 50 (5) pp.1421-1427 [link]

D.J. Kuik, C. Poelma and J. Westerweel (2010) "Quantitative measurement of the lifetime of localized turbulence in pipe flow" Journal of Fluid Mechanics 645 pp. 529-539 [link]

N.V. Semin, C. Poelma, S. Drost and J. Westerweel(2010) "Application of digital holography to filament size analysis" Measurement Science & Technology 21 (7) 075301 [link]

C. Poelma, J. M. Mari, N. Foin, M.-X. Tang, R. Krams, C.G. Caro, P.D. Weinberg and J. Westerweel (2009) "3D Flow reconstruction using ultrasound PIV" Experiments in Fluids (in print, available online) [link]

Poelma C., Van der Heiden K., Hierck B.P., Poelmann R.E. and Westerweel J. (2010) "Measurements of the wall shear stress distribution in the outflow tract of an embryonic chicken heart" J Roy Soc Interface 7:91-103 (linkPDF version)

Scarano and Poelma (2009) "Three-dimensional vorticity patterns of cylinder wakes" Experiments in Fluids 47 (1) pp.69-83 [link]

Poelma, Vennemann, Lindken and Westerweel (2008) "In vivo blood flow and wall shear stress measurements in the vitelline network" Experiments in Fluids 45 (4) 703-713 (2008) [PDF]

Hierck BP, Van der Heiden K, Poelma C, Westerweel J, Poelmann RE "Fluid Shear Stress and Inner Curvature Remodeling of the Embryonic Heart. Choosing the Right Lane!" The Scientific World Journal - Special Issue: Cardiac Development 8 pp.212-222 (2008) [LINK]

Poelma, Ooms and Westerweel (2007) "Particle-fluid interaction in grid-generated turbulence" Journal of Fluid Mechanics 589 p.315-350 [PDF]

Ooms G, Poelma C, Poesio P, Pourquie MJBM and Westerweel J. (2007) "Verification of a model to predict the influence of particle inertia and gravity on a decaying turbulent particle-laden flow" International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 34 (2008) p.29-41 [Link]

Poelma, Dickson and Dickinson (2006) “Time-resolved reconstruction of the full flow field around a dynamically-scaled flapping wing” Experiments in Fluids 41(2) p.213-225 [pdf]

Poelma and Ooms (2006) “Particle-turbulence interaction in a homogeneous, isotropic turbulent suspension” Applied Mechanics Reviews 59 p.78-90 [pdf] 0.5 MB

Poelma, Westerweel and Ooms (2006) “Turbulence statistics from optical whole-field measurements in particle-laden turbulence” Experiments in Fluids 40(3): p/347-363 [pdf] 0.8 MB

Poelma, Westerweel and Ooms (2006) “Turbulence statistics from optica l whole-field measurements in particle-laden turbulence” Experiments in Fluids erratum; 40(4) p.663 [pdf] 0.2 MB

Poelma (2004) “Experiments in particle-laden flows” (Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology, 2004) [pdf] 4 MB

Ooms and Poelma (2004) “Comparison between theoretical predictions and direct numerical simulation results for a decaying turbulent suspension” Physical Review E 69, 056311 [pdf] 0.1 MB

Ooms, Gunning, Poelma and Westerweel (2002); “ Influence of hydrodynamic interactions between particles on the turbulent flow in a suspension ” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 26(6-7), 653-659 [pdf] 0.5 MB

Poelma and Ooms (2002); “On the influence of the particles-fluid interaction on the turbulent diffusion in a suspension” International Journal of Multiphase Flow 28, 177-197 [pdf] 0.7 MB

Peer-reviewed conference contributions (selected)
Bodnariuc E et al. “Parametric Dictionary-Based Velocimetry for Echo PIV” 38th German Conf. on Pattern Recognition, 12-15th Sept. 2016, Hanover (Germany) Accepted for oral presentation

 Van Eckeveld E, Westerweel J and Poelma C "The effect of liquid filling on shear layer behavior over a rectangular cavity" 11th European Fluid Mechanics Conference (Sevilla, Spain, 12-16 September 2016)

 Van Eckeveld E, Westerweel J and Poelma C "Attenuation of whistling in vertical corrugated pipes by liquid addition" 11th Int. Conference on Flow-Induced Vibration (The Hague, 4-6 July 2016)

 Poelma C and Gurung A (2016) “Flow measurement in opaque fluids using Ultrasound Imaging Velocimetry” Int. Conf. Multiphase Flow, 22-27 May 2016, Florence (Italy)

 Gurung A, Westerweel J and Poelma C “Ultrasound imaging velocimetry for real-time rheological measurements” 11th Int Symp on Particle Image Velocimetry (Santa Barbara, Sept. 2015)

 Van Eckeveld A, Pancham A, Westerweel J, Poelma C "Flow over partially liquid filled cavity" 15th European Turbulence Conference 2015 (ETC15), August 25-28th, 2015, Delft, The Netherlands

 Poelma C "Exploring the potential of blood flow network data" 10th European Fluid Mechanics conference (Copenhagen, Denmark; September 2014)

Poelma C "MOVING DROPLETS-THE MEASUREMENT OF CONTACT LINES" Invited keynote at In 16th International Symposium on Flow Visualization (June 2014, Okinawa Japan)

 Poelma C, Watton PD and Ventikos Y “Transitional flow in aneurysms: influence of transients on the computation of hemodynamic parameters” 8th international symposium on Biomechanics in Vascular Biology and Cardiovascular Disease (Rotterdam, 18-19 April 2013)

 Franken MF, Poelma C and Westerweel J “Dynamics of precursor films” 65th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (18-20 Nov. 2012; San Diego CA; USA).
Fraser K, Zhou BH, Poelma C, Tang MX and Weinberg PD “Towards Small Animal Echo-PIV” Bioengineering 2012 (6-7 September; Oxford, UK)

Poelma C, Kloosterman A, Hierck BP, Pries A and Westerweel J “Quantitative analysis of hemodynamics in the developing vitelline network Bioengineering 2012 (6-7 September; Oxford, UK)

Kloosterman A., Poelma C., Hierck B.P. and Westerweel J. (2011) “Insight into the developing vitelline network with micro-PIV measurements” EUROMECH Colloquium 521 - Biomedical Flows at Low Reynolds Numbers (ETH Zurich, 29-31 Aug 2011)

Poelma C. and Westerweel J. (2011) “In vivo flow measurement of red blood cells and plasma” 9th Int. Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry (Kobe, Japan; 20-23 July 2011) Poelma C., van der Mijle R., Mari J.M., Tang M.-X., Weinberg P. and Westerweel J. (2011) “Ultrasound imaging velocimetry: toward clinical application” EUROMECH Colloquium 529: Cardiovascular Fluid Mechanics: from theoretical aspects to diagnostic and therapeutic support (Cagliari, Italy; 27-29 June 2011)

C. Poelma and J. Westerweel "Generalized displacement estimation for averages of non-stationary flows" presented at the 15th international symposium on applications of laser techniques to fluid mechanics; Lisbon, Portugal, 5-8 July 2010
C. Poelma, J.M. Mari, N. Foin, M-X. Tang, R. Krams, C.G. Caro, P.D. Weinberg and J. Westerweel "3D flow velocity measurements using ultrasound PIV" presented at the 8th International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry (August 2009, Melbourne, Australia).

Poelma, Hierck and Westerweel "Micro-PIV as a research tool for in vivo studies of vascular remodeling" (2008) 4th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering; 10.1007/978-3-540-89208-3 Abstract

Poelma, Vennemann, Van der Heiden, Lindken, Hierck and Westerweel Lindken and Westerweel (2008) "Wall shear stress measurements using micro-PIV in the outflow tract of a chick embryo" 14th Int Symp on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics Lisbon, Portugal, 07-10 July, 2008 [PDF]

Poelma, Vennemann, Lindken and Westerweel (2007) "In vivo particle image velocimetry in the vitelline network" 7th International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry, Rome (Italy)

Poelma, Beati, Westerweel and Hunt (2007) "The influence of external turbulence on a wall-bounded jet" presented at the 11th European Turbulence Conference, Porto (Portugal)

Michaelis, Poelma, Scarano, Westerweel and Wieneke (2006) "A 3D-time resolved cylinder wake survey by Tomographic PIV" in J Kompenhans (Ed.), 12th Int. Symposium on Flow Visualization, ISFV12, Göttingen, Germany

Dickson, Straw, Poelma and Dickinson (2006) "An Integrative Model of Insect Flight Control" 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada (USA)

Poelma, Dickson and Dickinson (2005) "Time-resolved reconstruction of the full velocity field around a dynamically-scaled flapping wing" in M Gharib (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry, Pasadena, California, USA

Poelma, Westerweel and Ooms (2004) "Turbulence modification by particles in grid-generated turbulence" 57th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, Washington (USA)

Lindken, Poelma and Westerweel (2003) "Compensation for spatial effects for non-uniform seeding in PIV interrogation by signal relocation" Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Particle Image Velocimetry, Busan (Korea)

Poelma, Westerweel and Ooms (2003) "Experiments in turbulent suspensions using combined PIV/PTV", Annual FOM meeting, Veldhoven, The Netherlands

Poelma and Ooms (2003) "Turbulence Modification by Particles, experiments using PIV/PTV", European Fluid Mechanics Conference, Toulouse, (France)

Ooms, Poelma, L’vov and Pomyalov (2003) "Turbulence Modification by Particles, comparison of theoretical model with DNS results" (poster) European Fluid Mechanics Conference, Toulouse (France)

Westerweel, Poelma and Lindken (2002) "Two-point ensemble correlation method for micro-PIV applications" Proc. 11th Int. Symp. on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon (Portugal)

Nieuwstadt, Westerweel, Di Silvestro, Poelma and Lindken (2002) "Long distance micro-PIV for turbulence measurements in large-scale pipe flow" 10th International symposium on Flow Visualization, Kyoto (Japan)

Poelma, Westerweel and Ooms (2002) "On the hydrodynamics of a turbulent suspension", Advances in Turbulence IX, proceedings of the 9th European Turbulence Conference, Southampton (UK)

Ooms and Poelma (2001) "On the hydrodynamics of a turbulent suspension", ERCOFTAC Colloquium on strongly-coupled dispersed two-phase flows, Grenoble (France)

Poelma and Ooms (2001), "Influence of hydrodynamic interaction between particles on the turbulent flow in a suspension", International Conference on Multiphase Flows, New Orleans, (USA)

Ooms, Gunning, Poelma and Westerweel (2000) "Influence of particle-fluid interaction, particle-particle hydrodynamic interaction and finite particle size on the turbulent diffusion in a suspension’, ERCOFTAC Colloquium on Dynamics of Particle-Laden Flows, Kappel (Swiss)

Ooms, Pietryga, Poelma and Westerweel (2000) "Turbulence modification by particles; experimental verification of a theoretical model" (Poster), Advances in Turbulence 8, proceedings of the 8th European Turbulence Conference,
Barcelona (Spain)

Prof. dr. ir. C. Poelma

Management assistant:

Caroline Legierse
+31(0)15 27 87644

Drop of water in slow-motion
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