Large-Scale Energy Storage
Substantial implementation of fluctuating energy sources like solar and wind energy requiresfacilities for long-term, large-scale storage of power. The Large Scale Energy Storage section aims tocontribute to solving this problem by targeting its research and educational activities in threedirections that can enable energy storage. The first is the electrocatalytic conversion of water, CO 2and N 2 with renewable electricity into bulk chemicals that preferentially fit in our existing energyinfrastructure; substituting natural gas and fossil fuel based liquid fuels with high energy densities. Inthis line of research the coupling with CO 2 produced by biomass gasification is foreseen. The secondline of research concerns the further electrification of the process industry, by coupling hydrogenproduced via electrolysis with conventional chemical processes such as the Sabatier reaction. Thethird line of research is directed towards energy storage via the coupling of biomass/waste withrenewable energy sources based on the creation of a synthesis gas platform realized by smartintegration of novel biomass/waste gasifiers.