Thermodynamics for processes and systems 2

Learning objectives

The PhD candidate is able to evaluate the thermodynamic performance of various processes and systems by applying the exergy concept, be able to identify ways to reduce overall exergy losses of frequently applied processes and systems and be able to develop power plant concepts for given applications and circumstance.

More specifically, the PhD candidate must be able to:

1. To identify thermodynamic losses (exergy losses) of processes that take place in the main equipment of conventional power plants, like boiler, piping, steam turbine, condenser, feed water heaters and pumps and to explain how these losses are affected by the selected steam parameters and alternative system configurations More importantly, the PhD candidate must be able to develop efficient steam power plant concepts for given applications and circumstances using the knowledge developed.

2. To identify the thermodynamic losses (exergy losses) of gas turbine cycles (open cycles and closed cycles) and to explain how these losses are affected by the selected design parameters (turbine inlet temperature and pressure ratio) and alternative system configurations (intercooling, recuperation and reheat). The PhD candidate must be able to develop efficient gas turbine  power plant concepts for given applications and circumstances using the knowledge developed.

3. To explain how combined cycle plants can reduce overall exergy losses in comparison with conventional power plants and gas turbine cycles and to show the effects of multiple pressure steam generation and supplementary firing. The PhD candidate must be able to develop efficient combined  power plant concepts for given applications and circumstances using the knowledge developed.

4. To explain how and under what circumstances combined heat and power generation (CHP) can reduce overall exergy losses in comparison with separate generation of heat and power by applying value diagrams and power to heat matrices. The PhD candidate must be able to develop efficient CHP  concepts for given applications and circumstances using the knowledge developed.

5. To describe the processes that occur in various types of fuel cells under development and to determine the power that can be obtained from a reversible fuel cell and indicate the losses that will occur in fuel cell systems. The PhD candidate must be able to develop efficient fuel cell system  concepts for given applications and circumstances using the knowledge developed.

6. To describe the processes that occur in  refrigeration and heat pump systems. The PhD candidate must be able to develop  system concepts for heat pump integrated  energy systems

Required background

Basic courses on thermodynamics (For example: first and second year thermodynamics for BSc Mechanical Engineering PhD candidates at Delft),  Thermodynamics for processes and systems 1

Course material

Slides, recorded lectures, course notes, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics by Moran Schapiro

GS credits:
Ects 1.5/5 GS 

Lecturer(s): Dr. Aravind Aravind and Ir. Theo Woudstra

Course dates: 
To be announced in the beginning of the year 2020

 

Group sizes: 
Max 25 participants

 

Assessment:
Written exam

 

Contact:
PhD candidates working on process and energy systems wishing to participate should contact Dr. Aravind Aravind by email (A.PurushothamanVellayani@tudelft.nl) at least two weeks before the start of the course.

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