Urban and Regional Studies
Socio-spatial inequality, deprived neighbourhoods, and neighbourhood effects
What is the relationship between socio-economic inequality, poverty and neighbourhoods? The spatial concentration of poverty within cities is of great concern to national governments, partly based on a belief in neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in deprived neighbourhoods has an additional negative effect on residents’ life chances over and above the effect of their own characteristics.
DEPRIVEDHOODS will break new ground by simultaneously studying neighbourhood sorting over the life course, neighbourhood change, and neighbourhood effects, within one theoretical and analytical framework. This project will be methodologically challenging and will be the first integrated, multi-country research project on neighbourhood effects to use unique geo-referenced longitudinal data from Sweden, United Kingdom, Estonia, and The Netherlands.
Through its integrated and international approach, DEPRIVEDHOODS will fundamentally advance understandings of the ways in which individual out-comes interact with the neighbourhood, which will ultimately lead to more targeted and effective policy measures.
Programme: European Research Council
ERC Consolidator Grant: € 2 000.000,-
Researcher: Maarten van Ham
Territorial Approaches for New Governance
This project focuses on how territorial development is organised and managed across Europe’s member states. It provides an overview of recent trends as well as detailed examples of territorial governance from a multi-level, a multi-sector and a multiactor approach.
The research considers the potential role of spatial planning instruments and other instruments in supporting good territorial governance. A typology of current territorial governance practices in Europe is also developed (coordinated by the TUDelft team).
One of the outputs of the project is a handbook for policy officials which draws lessons from the in-depth case studies undertaken in the project.
ESPON-European Observation Network for Territorial Development and Cohesion
Grant: € 749.849
Role: partner (for € 167.000)
Principal researcher: Dominic Stead
Coordinator: NORDREGIO, Stockholm
Tenancy Law and Housing Policy in Multi-Level Europe
Private tenancy law is existentially affecting the daily lives of European citizens, as about one third of them depend on rental housing. This project sets out to provide the first large-scale comparative and European law survey of tenancy law.
- it analyses national tenancy laws and their embeddedness in, and effects on, national housing policies and markets;
- the effect of EU legislation on national housing policy in general and national tenancy law in particular will be analysed in a comparative perspective;
- a proposal for a better co-ordinating role of the EU in tenancy law and housing policy, in particular through an OMC process developing common principles of good “tenancy regulation”, will be designed.
This research matches well several priorities of the Stockholm programme given tenancy law’s intimate relation to social human rights and a system of law and justice working for the benefit of European citizens, in particular vulnerable groups.
Grant: € 2 692 526
Role: partner (for € 385.000)
Principal Researcher: Hendrik Ploeger
Coordinator: University of Bremen
- Please Do It Yourself…. on social support , professional counselling and long-term upward social mob
Social mobility is a key concept in area-based policies aimed at deprived neighbourhoods in Europe and the US. Such policies often aim to improve the living conditions in deprived neighbourhoods and at the same time stimulate the social mobility of residents.
The main objective of the project is to assess social mobility patterns and effectiveness of social mobility interventions, especially for individuals needing long-term support. The backdrop of this project is the economic crisis and serious cutbacks in government funding of area based policies, which raises questions on the effectiveness of social interventions.
The study creates a longitudinal quasiexperimental design through a second wave survey in our research area (Hoogvliet, a Rotterdam borough) and a control area.
- Cities 'borrowing' size: Agglomeration advantages in Polycentric Urban Regions
Can proximally-located cities borrow size from each other, so that agglomeration advantages, which increase with city size, develop to the extent of their combined size?
Generally, the larger the city, the greater the extent to which agglomeration advantages have developed. But: agglomeration disadvantages also increase with the size of cities. Empirical studies into these issues traditionally focus on single cities. However, this is becoming less relevant as in many countries formerly self-contained cities are increasingly interconnected with neighbouring cities to form 'polycentric urban regions' or 'urban networks'.
It has been suggested that in such areas the agglomeration advantages correspond to their combined size, while the agglomeration disadvantages would remain limited to the local city size. This, however, lacks empirical validation. Through combining various data and using methods which include regression analysis, correspondence analysis, GIS-analysis, benchmarking and policy analysis this project seeks to address this empirical gap.
Personal Grant: € 140.608
Researcher: Evert Meijers