Geological formations can be used to store renewable energy in large scales, once this energy is converted to innovative forms e.g. green fuels (hydrogen and synthetic methane) or compressed air and hot water. This storage capacity is huge, and can provide as much supply as needed for a country-scale consumption of energy. Safe and efficient storage of such green energy carriers in the underground can only be achieved through a deep understanding of all physical and chemical interactions between the fluids and the porous rocks in the subsurface formations and their surrounding environment.
Projects that are performed under Energy Storage initiative are listed below
- ADMIRE, funded by NWO Vidi
- Science4Steer, funded by NWO DeepNL
Geological formations can also offer a large storage capacity for many by-products of anthropic activities. For example, Carbone dioxide storage in the underground is one of the most practical engineering solutions to reduce considerably the CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Safe and efficient storage of these industrial bi-products in the underground is possible by a thorough geoscientific investigation of the dynamics of fluid-rock interaction at multiple scales in time and space. This includes all aspects from monitoring to modelling.
Projects that are performed under Climate Action are listed below:
The fast growing world population and the reduction of easily accessiblefresh water resources makes it crucial to manage wisely the existing ones and to develop strategies to exploit aquifers in more complex locations. At the same time, proper predictions of the storage reservoirs during the over-flux period and proper management of production of the reservoir requires a multidisciplinary geoscience and engineering approach.
Projects that are performed under Water Storage initiative are listed below: