Lunch lecture Carolina Osoria (MIT) - Future Urban Mobility Needs and Shared Mobility Solutions
19 December 2017 12:00 till 13:30 - Location: Room 4.98, CEG
With the increase in connectivity and in real-time responsiveness (e.g., on-demand mobility services), travelers and vehicles are becoming "real-time optimizers" of their trips. The urban mobility challenges and breakthroughs of the next decades will be marked by our capacity to optimize the aggregate performance of large-scale transportation systems while accounting for how the hundreds of thousands of "real-time optimizers" will locally interact among themselves and with the infrastructure. In this talk, we present modeling and optimization methods that address this challenge. First, we consider the design of car-sharing services. We develop methods to estimate the spatial temporal distribution of demand for car-sharing and to optimize the spatial distribution of vehicles across the city. The methods combine detailed car-sharing reservation data, sampling techniques and a discrete simulation-based optimization algorithm. We present insights from case studies for Boston and for New York City. Second, we consider the problem of estimating the distribution of travel demand for a large-scale urban area. The design of efficient demand calibration algorithms is essential for transportation practice. Nonetheless, there is a lack of algorithms that can efficiently address the difficult calibration problems faced in practice (e.g., high-dimensional, non-convex, simulation-based) . We present a computationally efficient algorithm suitable for high-dimensional problems and large-scale metropolitan networks. Case studies for Berlin and Singapore illustrate the efficiency of the proposed approach.
Carolina Osorio is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) and in the Operations Research Center (ORC) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Her work develops operations research techniques to inform the design and operations of urban mobility systems. It focuses on simulation-based optimization algorithms for, and analytical probabilistic modeling of, congested urban road networks. She was recognized as one of the outstanding early-career engineers in the US by the National Academy of Engineeringís EU-US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium, and is the recipient of a US National Science Foundation CAREER Award, an MIT CEE Maseeh Excellence in Teaching Award, an MIT Technology Review EmTech Colombia TR35 Award, an IBM Faculty Award and a European Association of Operational Research Societies (EURO) Doctoral Dissertation Award.
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