Prof. dr. Nynke Dekker
Research Theme(s): Single-molecule biophysics
Research Interests: Eukaryotic replication, chromatin replication, bacterial replication and repair, viral replication, and virus-like particles
Nynke Dekker has been a Full Professor (chair of “Single molecule nanoscale biophysics”) in the Faculty of Applied Science since 2008. Nynke Dekker graduated with a BSc cum Laude from Yale (with majors in both physics and in applied mathematics), an MSc cum laude in physics from Leiden University, and a prestigious PhD in physics from Harvard University. This was followed by a postdoctoral period at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in which she transitioned into biological physics. She became faculty at TU Delft, where she rapidly rose from Assistant Professor to Full Professor.
Prof. Dekker has contributed seminal advances at the top of her field of biological physics. Her research focuses on fundamental biological topics such as transcription, replication, and DNA topology that have also a strong link to biomedical research. In order to understand these critical biological processes, she quantitatively probes the dynamics of single molecules of DNA, enzymes, and molecular motors, thus generating a precise and mechanistic biophysical perspective. Her successful research efforts have included real-time studies of processive molecular motors (e.g. polymerases) on DNA and RNA, experiments that probe the mechanisms of DNA-binding proteins involved in DNA compaction (e.g. nucleosomes, tetrasomes) and the termination of replication, and examination of the enzymes that regulate DNA topology (e.g. topoisomerases). The latter included ground-breaking experiments on the understanding of chemotherapeutic inhibitors in clinical use, uncovering a new mechanism through which they influence the activity of topoisomerase enzymes. Her research at the single-molecule level has also included the context of live bacterial cells, which places her research group in the unique position of being able to quantitatively compare the behavior of individual biological molecules both in vitro and in vivo. In recent years, Prof. Dekker has concentrated her research efforts in the study of the dynamics of the complete eukaryotic replication fork at the single-molecule level. This research is at the forefront of scientific research, as the ability to reconstitute a eukaryotic replication fork in bulk has only become possible in 2015. Since then, her group has been able to purify all the proteins involved in yeast replication and studies on the loading and activation of the yeast replisome using high end single-molecule equipment is ongoing. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie eukaryotic replication provides a key that will link to our understanding of disease development such as genetic disorders and cancer.
Prof. Dekker is actively engaged in teaching activities and professional societies. In 2019, she was elected as a member of the prestigious organization European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO). In 2015, she was inaugurated as a member of the Netherlands Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences. Prof. Dekker has also been a member of the Council of Professors of the TU Delft, which advises the board of the university concerning professorial appointments and other matters. Prof. Dekker has also served as Vice-Chair of the Executive Board of the Foundation for Research on Matter (FOM). Until the start of 2017, FOM, was the principal funder of physics research in The Netherlands. Since then, the foundation has become part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). Prof. Dekker is a co-founder of the Department of Bionanoscience, together with her colleague Prof. Cees Dekker (no relation).
For further information regarding current research and available projects, visit Nynke Dekker Lab
Our group focuses on understanding the key cellular process of nucleic acid replication from a combination of biochemical and biophysical approaches in viral, bacterial, and eukaryotic systems. We perform our studies both using purified components and inside living cells. To study in particular the dynamic aspects of replication, we make use of state-of-the-art biophysics that is highly integrated with biochemistry.
- Viral replication
- Eukaryotic replication
- Bacterial replication
- “Induced copy-back RNA synthesis as a novel therapeutic mechanism against RNA viruses” Richard Janissen*, Andrew Woodman*, Kuo-Ming Lee, Ibrahim Moustafa, Fiona Fitzgerald, Peng-Nien Huang, Louis Kuijpers, Angela L. Perkins, Daniel A. Harki, Jamie J. Arnold, Belen Solano, Shin-Ru Shih, Craig E. Cameron, and Nynke H. Dekker (* = equal contribution) submitted (2020)
- “Chromatin fibers stabilize nucleosomes under torsional stress” A. Kaczmarczyk, M. He, O. Ordu, J. van Noort#, and N.H. Dekker# (# = corresponding author) Nature Communications 11, 126 (2020)
- “Global DNA compaction in stationary-phase bacteria does not affect transcription”, R. Janissen*, M. Arens*, N. Vtyurina*, Z. Rivai, N.D. Sunday, B. Eslami-Mossallam A. Gritsenko, L. Laan, D. de Ridder, I. Artsimovitch, N.H. Dekker#, E. A. Abbondanzieri#, and A. S. Meyer#, Cell 174, 1188-1199 (2018). (* = equal contribution)
- “Incorporation of nucleotide analogues by an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase leaves fingerprints in the pausing kinetics”, David Dulin, Jamie J. Arnold, Theo van Laar, Hyung-Suk Oh, Cheri Lee, Daniel A. Harki, Martin Depken, Craig E. Cameron, and Nynke H. Dekker, Cell Reports 21, 1063–1076 (2017)
- “Strand separation establishes a sustained lock at the Tus–Ter replication fork barrier”, B.A. Berghuis, D. Dulin, Z.-Q. Xu, T. van Laar, B. Cross, R. Janissen, S. Jergic, N.E. Dixon, S.M. Depken, and N.H. Dekker, Nature Chemical Biology 11, 579–585 (2015), online publication July 6. [cover article]
- “Elongation-competent pauses govern the fidelity of a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase”, D. Dulin, I.D. Vilfan, S.M. Depken, B.A. Berghuis, S. Hage, D. Bamford, M. Poranen, S.M. Depken, and N.H. Dekker, Cell Reports 10 (6), 983-992 (2015)
- “Nucleosome assembly dynamics reveal that tetramers spontaneously flip between left- and right- handed helicity”, R. Vlijm*, M. Lee*, J. Lipfert, A. Lusser, C. Dekker, and N.H. Dekker, Cell Reports 10, 216–225 (2015). (* = equal contribution)
- “Double-Stranded RNA under Force and Torque: Similarities to and Striking Differences from Double-Stranded DNA”, J. Lipfert, G.M. Skinner, J. Keegstra, T. Hensgens, T. Jager, D. Dulin, M. Koeber, Z. Yu, S.P. Donkers, F.-C. Chien, R. Das, and N.H. Dekker, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 111 (43), 15408–15413 (2014)
- “Freely-orbiting magnetic tweezers directly report on changes in the twist of nucleic acids”, J. Lipfert*, M. Wiggin*, J.W.J. Kerssemakers, F. Pedaci, and N.H. Dekker, Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/ncomms1450 (2011). (*=equal contribution)
- “Magnetic torque tweezers: measuring torsional stiffness in DNA and RecA-DNA filaments”, J. Lipfert, J.W.J. Kerssemakers, T. Jager, and N.H. Dekker, Nature Methods 7, 977–980 (2010), published online October 17 (2010).
- “Antitumour drugs impede DNA uncoiling by Topoisomerase I”, Daniel A. Koster, Komaraiah Palle, Elisa S. M. Bot, Mary-Ann Bjornsti, Nynke H. Dekker, Nature 448, 213-7 (2007). [cover article]
- “Friction and Torque Govern the Relaxation of DNA Supercoils by Eukaryotic Topoisomerase IB’’, D.A. Koster, V. Croquette, C. Dekker, S. Shuman, and N.H. Dekker, Nature 434, 671-674 (2005). [cover article]