Research

The Chair addresses three main categories to set the agenda for materials and design research in the Design Engineering Department:

  1. Smart Materials: Materials which are able to sense and respond to different situations; that have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled manner by external stimuli, such as moisture, electric, pressure, temperature, etc. (e.g. shape memory alloys, piezoelectric textiles, temperature sensitive polymers, etc.).
  2. Advanced Materials: Materials with superior mechanical/physical properties such as advanced metals, alloys, ceramics, composites, plastics etc. This category also covers the emerging materials for advanced manufacturing, such as functionally graded materials (FGM) made for multi-material 3D printing (e.g. materials with graded optical properties like colour, gloss, translucency and texture).
  3. Environmentally Sensitive Materials: They are developed as environmentally sensitive substitutes to materials derived from petroleum (e.g. materials made of waste, mycelium-based materials, natural fibre composites, bio-based plastics, etc.).

The research crossing these three categories of materials investigates possible ways to mobilize materials for novel functionalities; rich, intuitive, meaningful user experiences; and sustainable products in design. A recent example to demonstrate this endeavour is an on-going European project, Light.Touch.Matters (LTM) (FP7-2012-NMP), focusing on design driven development of touch sensitive luminous flexible plastics for applications in care & well-being. In the project product designers and material researchers collaborate to jointly develop a fully new generation of smart materials that combine touch sensitivity with luminosity, based on latest developments in polymeric piezo materials and flexible OLEDs.

Key publications

  • A.S.M. Steijlen, K.M.B. Jansen, A. Albayrak, D.O. Verschure, D.F. Van Wijk, Development of a 12-lead electrocardiographic system for home use, JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018; 6(7):e10126
  • X. Li, K.M.B. Jansen, M.C. Roozendaal, C.M. Jonker, ‘Things that help out’: Designing Smart-wearables- as-partners in Stress Management, DIS 2018
  • K.M.B. Jansen, B. Tarren and M. Slingerland, Disposable, stretchable on-skin sensors for posture monitoring, WearSys workshop of MobiSys conference, Munich, June 10-15th 2018
  • K.M.B. Jansen, S. Claus and B. Barati, Designing of a semi-transparent Electroluminescent Umbrella, Smart Systems Integration conference, Cork 2017
  • K.M.B. Jansen, S. Claus and B. Barati, Design Exploration of electroluminescence, ICDEPI conference, Singapore 2017
  • X. Li, K.M.B. Jansen, M.C. Roozendaal, C.M. Jonker, Towards an agentic design approach to stress management: Understanding autonomy, animism and presence in interactive products, DIS 2017
  • Karana E., Barati, B., Rognoli V., Zeeuw Van Der Laan, A., (in press). Material Driven Design (MDD): A Method To Design For Material Experiences. International Journal of Design.
  • C.M.J.L. Lelieveld and K.M.B. Jansen, Thermal-electric Characterization and modelling of a smart composite structure for architectural applications, Smart Materials and Structures 23, pp.1-8, 2014: http://iopscience.iop.org.tudelft.idm.oclc.org/0964-1726/23/6/065010/article
  • Karana, E., (2012), Characterization of 'natural' and 'high-quality' materials to improve perception of bio-plastics, Journal of Cleaner Production,37: 316-325: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652612003721
  • Karana, E., Hekkert, P., & Kandachar, P. (2010). A Tool for Meaning Driven Materials Selection. Materials and Design, 31: 2932-2941: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261306909007110
  • Karana E., Pedgley O., Rognoli V., (2014). Materials Experience: Fundamentals of Materials and Design, 1st Ed., Butterworth-Heinemann: Elsevier, UK: http://www.amazon.com/Materials-Experience-fundamentals-materials-design/dp/0080993591 

Accordingly, the Chair of Emerging Materials advocates the challenging couplings of theory and practice from materials science, design engineering and social sciences, and embeds this understanding in cross-departmental, cross-faculties, national and international research projects and in industry collaborations, as well as in materials education in design.

Research projects