Automated vehicles routing: impacts and opportunities for urban mobility

Themes: Software technology & Intelligent Systems, Social Impact, Infrastructure & Mobility / Transport

Proof of principle

A TRL is a measure to indicate the matureness of a developing technology. When an innovative idea is discovered it is often not directly suitable for application. Usually such novel idea is subjected to further experimentation, testing and prototyping before it can be implemented. The image below shows how to read TRL’s to categorise the innovative ideas.

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Besides all technological challenges related to Automated Vehicles (AVs), there are as many challenges related to urban planning, vehicle routing, and social impact. This research is a first step in exploring these, starting with routing.


There are new degrees of freedom in routing AVs compared to routing conventional vehicles (e.g. associated to parking location, re-routing, increased use). New mobility patterns will emerge, with associated costs and benefits to society.


This research is envisioning the algorithms that will be needed for a future with AVs. Such AVs (without even a steering wheel) are expected to come on the market around 2025.

Dr. Goncalo Homem De Almeida Correia

Xiao Liang MSc