This the archive page for our ongoing Seminars in Numerical Analysis series. Please find the historical (<2021) archives in the left pane, or find a later archived event below.
26 mei 2023 12:30 t/m 13:15
[NA] Olaf Steinbach: Space-time finite and boundary element methods for the wave equationIn this talk we will review some recent results on space-time finite and
boundary element methods for the wave equation. As a first model problem
we consider the inhomogeneous wave equation with zero Dirichlet boundary
and initial conditions. The related space-time variational formulation
follows the standard approach when applying integration by parts in space
and time simultaneously. Note that a space-time tensor-product based
finite element discretization requires a CFL condition to ensure stability.
While the ansatz and test spaces are both subspaces of functions whose
space-time gradient is square integrable, they differ in zero initial
and terminal conditions to be satisfied. When introducing a modified
Hilbert transformation we end up with a Galerkin variational formulation
which is unconditionally stable. This modified Hilbert transformation is
also an essential tool in the formulation of coercive boundary integral
equations for the wave equation. Finally we also consider distributed
optimal control problems subject to the wave equation, and related
space-time least-squares finite and boundary element methods.
The talk is based on joint work with Marco Zank (Vienna), Richard
Löscher (Graz), Carolina Urzua-Torres (Delft), and Daniel Hoonhout (Delft).
21 april 2023 12:30 t/m 13:15
[NA] Melven Röhrig-Zöllner: Performance of low-rank linear solvers in tensor-train formatIn this talk we discuss the problem of efficiently computing a low-rank solution of high-dimensional linear systems. More specifically, we discuss several methods for linear systems in the tensor-train format, also known as matrix-product-states (MPS) in physics. In particular, we consider global approaches like TT-GMRES and local approaches like TT-(M)ALS and TT-AMEn and look at suitable preconditioners and some algorithmic variants for non-symmetric operators. Overall, we focus on the computational complexity and on the performance on today's multi-core CPUs: The considered algorithms are composed of tensor contractions and of dense linear algebra operations like QR-decompositions and singular value decompositions (SVDs). We show significant speedup by carefully choosing suitable combinations of building blocks (e.g. using a tall-skinny QR + SVD). In addition, we show how to exploit orthogonalities from previous steps to speed-up tensor-train truncations. We illustrate the different effects in numerical experiments for simple Laplace- and convection-diffusion equations.
17 maart 2023 12:30 t/m 13:30
[NA] Hendrik Speleers: Explicit error estimates for spline approximation in isogeometric analysisIsogeometric analysis is a well established paradigm to improve interoperability between geometric modeling and numerical simulations. It is commonly based on B-splines and shows important advantages over classical finite element analysis. In particular, the inherently high smoothness of B-splines leads to a higher accuracy per degree of freedom. This has been numerically observed in a wide range of applications, and recently a mathematical explanation has been given thanks to error estimates in spline spaces that are explicit, not only in the mesh size, but also in the polynomial degree and the smoothness.
In this talk we review some recent results on explicit error estimates for approximation by splines. These estimates are sharp or very close to sharp in several interesting cases and allow us to explain that certain spline subspaces are able to approximate eigenvalue problems without spurious outliers.
17 februari 2023 12:30 t/m 13:30
[NA] Fernando José Henriquez Barraza: Shape Uncertainty Quantification in Acoustic and Electromagnetic ScatteringIn this talk, we consider the propagation of acoustic and electromagnetic waves in domains of uncertain shape. We are particularly interested in quantifying the effect on these perturbations on the involved fields and possibly into other quantities of interest. After considering a domain or surface parametrization with countably-many parameters, one obtains a high-dimensional parametric map describing the problem's solution manifold. The design and analysis of a variety of methods commonly used in computational uncertainty quantification (UQ for short) affording provably dimension-independent convergence rates rely on the holomorphic dependence of the problem's solution upon the parametric input. When the parametric input encodes a family of domain or boundary transformations, the holomorphic dependence of the problem upon the parametric input is usually referred to as shape holomorphy. We present and discuss the key technicalities involved in the verification of this property for different models including: volume formulation of the Helmholtz problem, boundary integral formulation, volume integral equations, boundary integral formulations for multiple disjoint arcs, among others. We discuss the importance of this property in the implementation and analysis of different techniques used in forward and inverse computational shape UQ for the previously described models and the implications in the constructions efficient surrogates using neural networks.
20 januari 2023 12:30 t/m 13:30
[NA] Michiel Hochstenbach: 25+ years of nonnormality, a reviewWe will review several aspects of nonnormal matrices: well-established concepts, recent developments, and open questions. Aspects that will be mentioned include eigenvector condition numbers, pseudospectra, field of values, scaling/balancing, shift invariancy, Krylov spaces, and two-sided methods. We will mention connections to some key scientific problems such as solving linear systems and eigenvalue problems, as well as some practical implementation tips.
25 november 2022 12:30 t/m 13:30
Alessandro Reali: Some advances in isogeometric analysis of coupled and complex problems
16 september 2022 12:30 t/m 13:30
Shobhit Jain: Dynamics-based model reduction for nonlinear finite element models
17 juni 2022 12:30 t/m 13:30
Eef van Dongen: Monitoring and numerical modelling of glacier dynamics on Greenland
22 april 2022 12:30 t/m 13:30
Thomas Takacs: Smooth isogeometric discretizations for fourth order PDEs
17 december 2021 12:30
CANCELED: Iryna Rybak: Interface conditions for arbitrary flows in Stokes-Darcy systems
16 april 2021 12:30
Stefanie Elgeti: Errors in Judgement in Engineering: What Can They Teach Us about the Design Process?
19 maart 2021 12:30
Jennifer Scott: Large-scale least squares problems: tackling the fill challengeLarge-scale linear least-squares problems arise in a wide range of practical applications. In some cases, the system matrix is sparse except for a small number of dense rows. These make the problem significantly harder to solve because their presence limits the applicability of sparse matrix techniques. In particular, the normal matrix is
(close to) dense, so that forming it is impractical.