Integration of Battery Energy Storage Systems in Distribution Grids
The increase of solar and wind energy production together with the introduction of new types of loads, as electric vehicles or heat pumps, have caused strong technical problems in distribution grids. Distribution system operators need to make large investments to manage congestions and to keep an acceptable level of power quality and grid stability and reliability. An alternative to the network reinforcement is the deployment of battery energy storage systems (BESSs). BESSs have a great potential for solving the previously mentioned technical challenges and also on defer network investments.
Despite the technical potential of BESSs, they are still expensive assets when compared to traditional grid reinfrorcement. Therefore, research efforts on BESSs have to focus on two main lines:
- BESS grid integration: use batteries to perform multiple services, to enhance its revenues;
- BESS components: optimize the power electronics grid interface, to improve efficiency and reduce the cost of ownership.
This project tackles these two topics, researching techniques and guidelines for the sizing, location, and control of BESSs in distribution grids, and for the design of the power electronics converter used to interface the storage system with the network.
The project is led by TU Delft, together with the industrial partners, Alfen and Technolution.
Related publications for further reading
1. M. Stecca, L. Ramirez Elizondo, T. Batista Soeiro, P. Bauer, P. Palensky, A Comprehensive Review of the Integration of Battery Energy Storage Systems into Distribution Networks, IEEE Open J. Ind. Electron. Soc., vol 1, pp. 46-65, 2020.
2. M. Stecca, T. Batista Soeiro, L. Ramirez Elizondo, P. Bauer, P. Palensky, Lifetime Estimation of Grid-Connected Battery Storage and Power Electronics Inverter Providing Primary Frequency Regulation, IEEE Open J. Ind. Electron. Soc., vol 2, pp. 240-251, 2021.
3. M. Stecca, C. Tan, J. Xu, T. Batista Soeiro, P. Bauer, P. Palensky, Hybrid Si/SiC Switch Modulation with Minimum SiC MOSFET Conduction in Grid Connected Voltage Source Converters, IEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Power Electron, 2022.
4. M. Stecca, T. Batista Soeiro, L. Ramirez Elizondo, P. Bauer, Energy Storage Sizing and Location in Distribution Networks Considering Overall Grid Performance, 2020 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM).
5. M. Stecca, T. Batista Soeiro, L. Ramirez Elizondo, P. Bauer, P. Palensky, Comparison of Two and Three-Level DC-AC Converters for a 100 kW Battery Energy Storage System, 2020 IEEE 29th International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE).
6. M. Stecca, T. Batista Soeiro, L. Ramirez Elizondo, P. Bauer, P. Palensky, LCL Filter Design for Three Phase AC-DC Converters Considering Semiconductor Modules and Magnetics Components Performance, 2020 22nd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'20 ECCE Europe).
7. C. Tan, M. Stecca, T. Batista Soeiro, J. Dong, P. Bauer, Performance Evaluation of an Electric Vehicle Traction Drive using Si/SiC Hybrid Switches, 2021 IEEE 19th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC).
8. W. Vermeer, M. Stecca, G. Ram Chandra Mouli, P. Bauer, A Critical Review on The Effects of Pulse Charging of Li-ion Batteries, 2021 IEEE 19th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC).
9. M. Stecca, P. Tiftikidis, T. Batista Soeiro, P. Bauer, Gate Driver Design for 1.2 kV SiC Module with PCB Integrated Rogowski Coil Protection Circuit, 2021 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE).
10. W. Vermeer, M. Stecca, G. Ram Chandra Mouli, P. Bauer, A Multi-Objective Design Approach for PV-Battery Assisted Fast Charging Stations Based on Real Data, 2022 IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference & Expo (ITEC).