Overview of the ClimProp project

The growth in air transportation will inevitably lead to an increase in aircraft combustion emissions and the consequent climate impact. Overall, CO2 emission shares less than 50% of the total aviation radiative forcing if non-CO2 effects from NOx, water vapor, direct aerosol, contrails and the induced cirrus (contrail-cirrus) are included. An effective mitigation strategy is expected to address both CO2 and non-CO2 effects of aviation. The future aircraft engine technologies, including ultra-efficient engine cycle, novel engine cycles, and engines using alternative energy sources will play essential roles.

Project objectives:

The ClimProp project aims at understanding the sensitivity of the global climate change to future propulsion technologies attributed to engine cycles, designs and energy sources by combining both the CO2 and non-CO2 effects, thereby providing an astute insight for the aviation community to choose the most climate-friendly technology.

Project goals:

  • Engine performance and emission modelling attributed to novel cycles and combustion technologies
  • Evaluating the climate impact of novel engine cycles, e.g., intercooled, inter-stage turbine burning, and hybrid electric propulsion
  • Develop the first climate model for climate optimized engine design.

Expected results:

The earlier research shows that novel cycles like intercooling, inter-stage turbine burner engines can have high potential in reducing the NOx emissions. Over the course of the project, details regarding the performance and emissions of these novel cycles will be understood and the consequent climate impact will be assessed.

The climate model developed in this project describes the sensitivity of climate change to engine design variables, and allows this model to be integrated to the current engine design framework for climate optimized engine design.

General information:

  • Total budget: 322 kEuro (NWO VENI scheme: 250 kEuro; DLR Institute for Atmospheric Physics: 72 kEuro)
  • Duration: 12/2019-11/2023
  • Principal investigator: Dr. Feijia Yin


Aviation’s climate impact (specifically non-CO2 effects) depends on geographical location, altitude and time of aircraft. Non-CO2 climate impact of aviation emissions varies with actual meteorological situation, described by atmospheric chemistry and physics. An interactive approach between emissions, routing network and atmosphere will be used in this research.

User committee members

The user committee of ClimProp aims to involve relevant stakeholders to steer the R&D activities of the project. For this reason, it comprises a variety of members like airlines, manufacturers, and academy, as described below.

TU Delft/Aerospace Engineering/ANCE

The research group ANCE is integrated under the department of Control and Operations (C&O). The research group is active in modelling environmental effects (noise, local air quality and climate) of aviation. They have been involved in climate modelling as a contributor to a large community model EMAC, which is a sophisticated earth-system model. Furthermore, ANCE has been involved in different EU projects to study the climate impact of aviation.


TU Delft/Aerospace Engineering/FPP

The FPP section embeds flight performance and propulsion and power expertise. We focus on advanced / innovative aircraft configurations and novel and possibly disruptive propulsion and power concepts. Hence, aircraft engine integration is also an important topic. These research areas are highly relevant if we want to contribute to the ambitious targets for the environmental impact of aviation, proposed by the Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE).


DLR Atmospheric Institute

The DLR Institute of Atmospheric Physics investigates the physics and chemistry of the global atmosphere from the Earth's surface up to the upper boundary of the middle atmosphere at about 120 km height. As an institute of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) we answer questions associated with atmospheric processes and with relevance to the research programs "Aeronautics, Space, and Transportation" and "Energy" of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).


MTU Aero Engines

MTU Aero Engines is Germany's leading engine manufacturer and an established global player in the industry. It engages in the development, manufacture, marketing and support of commercial and military aircraft engines in all thrust and power categories and industrial gas turbines. The German manufacturer employs approximately 10,000 people overall and with its various affiliates and subsidiaries has a presence in all significant regions and markets worldwide. In the years ahead, MTU will focus its resources on its core business, seek stakes in emerging engine programs and expand its service offerings.


KLM Royal Dutch Airline Engine Services

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines engine services is part of KLM Engineering & Maintenance and provides Maintenance Repair and Overhaul of the following engines: CFM56-7B; CF6-80C2; CF6-80E1; GEnx and LEAP. In addition to this, KLM engine services section also works on parts repair of various LM engines, on wing support and engineering support. KLM is involved in multiple initiatives and research projects to make aviation more sustainable.



Technical papers


Proposal Acronym
Principal Investigator
Dr. Feijia Yin
Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, TU Delft, The Netherlands
User Committees


  • DLR Atmospheric Institute

  • MTU Aero Engines

  • KLM Royal Dutch Airline Engine Services

Project Duration
From 12/2019 to 11/2023
Total budget
€ 322 000 (NWO VENI scheme: €250 000; DLR Institute for Atmospheric Physics: €72 000)