Resilience is an emerging climate change adaptation (CCA) paradigm. Coined in the context of regional ecosystem management, resilience subsequently expanded as a “new form of thinking” about socio-ecological systems (SES) that seeks to inspire desirable governance shifts in scales ranging from ecoregions to the Earth. Ultimately, resilience thinking has particularly made its way into urban planning, which raises questions about the specific meanings of urban resilience and CCA that are being mobilized across disciplines and the science-policy divide; the socio-economic and political implications of the ways in which urban resilience is being harnessed to capitalize CCA and, consequently, the appropriateness of privileging city-scale resilience building against other possible CCA strategies. Finally, it is worthwhile to examine the compatibility of these agendas with the advancement of certain desirable outcomes, such as climate mitigation Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

EUReCA addresses these questions by critically engaging with philosophy, resilience thinking, adaptation theory, experiences in resilience building, and recent policy trends in CCA.