Dr. M. (Martin) Sand


Dr. Martin Sand works at VTI as a Marie Skłodowska-Curie-Fellow with a project on „Moral Luck in Science and Innovation“. He studied „European Culture and History of Ideas“ at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) focussing on philosophy and ethics of technology. Sand obtained his phD in 2018 with the thesis „Futures, Visions, and Responsibility-An Ethics of Innovation“, which was completed at the Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS).
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I am interested in questions of responsibility in science and technology. What does „responsibility“ mean, what are the conditions for being responsible and are there differences between being and being held responsible? Does luck undermine responsibility? I am also interested in normative ethics, especially virtue ethics and consequentialism. Furthermore, I am interested in prospective knowledge, predictability and the role of imagination and creativity.

  • Sand, M (2019) On “not having a future”. Online First in: Futures, DOI: 10.1016/j.futures.2019.01.002
  • Van de Poel, Ibo.; Sand, M. (2018) Varieties of responsibility-two problems of responsible innovation. Online First in: Synthese, DOI: 10.1007/s11229-018-01951-7
  • Sand. M. (2018) Brief aus einem postutopischen Zeitalter. In: Ehni, Hans-Jörg: Altersutopien: Medizinische und gesellschaftliche Zukunftshoffnungen der Lebensphase Alter, Frankfurt: Campus Verlag, pp. 85- 96. 
  • Sand, M. (2018) How the future has a grip on us. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22(2), pp. 262-282, DOI: 10.5840/techne201862684
  • Sand, M. (2018) The virtues and vices of innovators. Philosophy of Management 17(1), pp. 79–95, DOI: 10.1007/s40926-017-0055-0
  • Sand, M.; Schneider, Chr. (2017) Visioneering socio-technical innovations - A missing piece of the puzzle. NanoEthics 11(1), pp. 19-29, DOI: 10.1007/s11569-017-0293-6
  • Sand, M.; Jongsma, K. (2017) The usual suspects - how techno-fixing dementia is flawed. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20(1), pp. 119–130, DOI: 10.1007/s11019-016-9747-9
  • Sand, M.; Jongsma, K. (2016) Why neural determinism is not real determinism and why mental states cannot act. American Journal of Bioethics (Neuroscience) 7(4), pp. 205-207. DOI: 10.1007/s11019-016-9747-9
  • Sand, M. (2016) Responsibility and visioneering - opening Pandora's box. NanoEthics 10(1), pp. 75-86, DOI: 10.1007/s11569-016-0252-7
  • Sand, M. (2016) Technikvisionen als Gegenstand einer Ethik von Innovationsprozessen, in: Maring, M.: Zur Zukunft der Bereichsethiken. Herausforderungen durch die Ökonomisierung der Welt, Bd.7, KIT Scientific Publishing, pp. 333-354
  • Sand, M.; Jongsma, K. (2016) Towards an ageless society. In: Dominguez-Rué, E.; Nierling, L.: Ageing and technology. Perspectives from the social sciences. Bielefeld: transcript, pp. 291-310 

Martin’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie-Research Project deals with „Moral Luck in Science and Innovation“. Since the long-term effects of emerging technologies such as robotics, autonomous driving, or big data can hardly be anticipated, it is partially a matter of luck whether these technologies will contribute to societal values such as justice, privacy, inclusiveness, and sustainability. In this way, luck possibly undermines the ambition to govern science and innovation processes responsibly and current practices of attributing responsibility in those fields.
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Sand, M. (2018) Futures, Visions and Responsibility-An Ethics of Innovation. Wiesbaden, Springer. ISBN 978-3-658-22683-1.

Martin Sand

Postdoctoral researcher

Values, Technology and Innovation

Ethics/Philosophy of Technology