P.A. (Peter) Kroes


Peter Kroes (1950) studied physical engineering at the University of Technology Eindhoven (The Netherlands) and wrote a Ph.D.-thesis on philosophical problems concerning the notion of time in modern physical theories (University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 1982). Since 1995 he is professor in philosophy, more in particular philosophy of technology, at the University of Technology Delft. His main areas of interest are philosophy of technology and philosophy of science.


  • The nature of technical artefacts
  • Conceptualizing and modelling socio-technical systems
  • Practical reasoning

Courses for the Graduate School:

  • R1.A1 Research Design
  • R2.D1 Developing Your Academic Skills: Critical/Analytical Thinking and Scientific Reflection
  • Engineering and the dual nature of technical artefacts’, Cambridge Journal of Economics 34, 51-62, 2010
  • A philosophy of technology; from technical artefacts to socio-technical systems, co-authors Pieter Vermaas, Ibo van de Poel, Maarten Franssen and Wybo Houkes, Morgan and Claypool, 2011
  • Technical Artefacts: creations of mind and matter; a philosophy of engineering design, Springer, 2012
  • The moral status of technical artefacts, eds. Peter Kroes and Peter-Paul Verbeek, Springer, 2013
  • Philosophy of Technology after the Empirical Turn, eds. Maarten Franssen, Pieter E. Vermaas, Peter Kroes and Anthonie W.M. Meijers, Springer, 2016

More publications

Peter Kroes

Full professor (emeritus)

Values, Technology and Innovation

Ethics/Philosophy of Technology

Research interests:
Design for values
The nature of technical artefacts/sociotechnical systems
Philosophy of engineering design

Additional information P.A. Kroes