Childhood disadvantage and future life chances

Themes: Social Impact

Basic research

A TRL is a measure to indicate the matureness of a developing technology. When an innovative idea is discovered it is often not directly suitable for application. Usually such novel idea is subjected to further experimentation, testing and prototyping before it can be implemented. The image below shows how to read TRL’s to categorise the innovative ideas.

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Understanding socio-economic inequality and its consequences for children and young people forms the basis for sensible policies to counter it. This research follows children over their life-course to investigate these inequalities.


We use very large datasets which include the entire populations of the Netherlands and Sweden to follow the life of individuals from the 1990s until now. Childhood disadvantage is studied in the contexts of the family, school, and neighbourhoods.


This research (2014-2019) will yield unique insights into the impact of duration, timing, and sequencing of childhood disadvantage on various socio-economic outcomes later in life.

Dr. Tom Kleinepier


Prof. dr. Maarten van der Ham