W.J. (Wouter) Schakel


With a background in Civil Engineering studied at the TU Delft, Wouter Schakel has moved in the transport and planning field following the MSc at the TU Delft. His PhD was about effects of in-car advice in freeway driving. Developing a new simulation environment has spurred an interest in programming and simulation. Currently Wouter is a post-doc working on several projects using and developing OpenTrafficSim. Lane change modelling is his primary research interest.


My main research interest lies in microscopic simulation of driver behaviour. During my PhD I developed the Lane change Model with Relaxation and Synchronization (LMRS), which is still used for much research, and which has been extended for various application. Current research involves extending the model with explicit lane change strategies, and improving validity of urban behaviour (traffic lights, conflicts).

Research themes:

TIL6010: Programming and Matlab. A course to empower students with tools to process, research, analyse and visualize data.

Supervision of BSc (Civil Engineering and Geosciences) and MSc (Transport & Planning) projects.

CIE5805: Intelligent Vehicles for Safe and Efficient Traffic: Design and Assessment. Providing a simulation assignment.

Schakel, W.J., Gorter, C.M., De Winter, J.C.F., van Arem, B. (2017) IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, pp. 17-24.

Schakel, W.J., van Arem, B. (2015) In-car tactical advice using delayed detector data, Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE intelligent vehicles symposium, pp. 982-987.

Schakel, W.J., van Arem, B. (2014) Improving traffic flow efficiency by In-car advice on lane, speed and headway, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, pp. 4597-1606.

Schakel, W.J. van Arem. B., van Lint, J.W.C., Tamminga, G, (2013) A modular approach for exchangeable driving task models in a microscopic simulation framework, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, pp. 565-571.

Schakel, W.J. Knoop, V.L., van Arem, B. (2012) Integrated lane change model with relaxation and synchronization, Transportation Research Records, pp. 47-57. Awarded with the Greenshields prize.

Schakel, W.J., van Arem, B., Netten, B.D. (2010) Effects of cooperative adaptive cruise control on traffic flow stability, Proceedings 13th international IEEE conference on intelligent transportation systems, pp. 759-764.

Dr. Ir. Wouter Schakel


Additional information

Ir. W.J. Schakel

Publications in Pure
2016 - TIL Programming / Matlab
2017 - TIL Programming / Matlab
2015 - TIL Programming / Matlab
2018 - TIL Programming / Matlab
ancillary activities
No secondary work -

2018-09-24 - 2020-09-24