PowerWeb Lecture: "Improving Access to Energy and Water through Frugal Innovation"

18 February 2021 16:00 till 17:00 - Location: Webinar - By: Eveline Zeegers

Lecture by Dr Ralph Lindeboom - TU Delft Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Date: Thursday 18 February 2021
Time: 4-5pm CET
Moderator: Professor Peter Palensky 4-5pm


Click here to watch the recording

Without robust water and energy supply the disconnection from Earth would make manned Space missions impossible. As such many interesting off-grid circular concepts in both domains have been developed over the past decades and they are often also closely connected to food production. Resource- constraint communities in many African, Latin American and Asian countries are unfortunately, despite being on Earth, equally disconnected from water, sanitation and energy.  For this reason the UN dedicated SDG 6 and 7 to the water and energy domain.
Off-grid technological concepts designed for Space missions should become a source of inspiration to develop frugal technologies that can provide basic resources like water and energy for the Base of the Pyramid. Like in Space, solar energy is an abundant energy source, but it’s availability is dependent on the cyclic nature of planetary motion. Due to our metabolic requirements,  human, food and agricultural residues can be considered a continuously available resource.  Anaerobic digestion technology is often employed for water treatment and biogas production from these streams, but due to the small scale its potential to contribute to SDG7 remains small.  
Biogas Solid Oxide Fuel Cells offer a scalable small scale alternative that could form the interface between waste and the renewable power sources like PV, wind and battery. In many settings, solar thermal energy is a forgotten resource, that requires limited resources and could be used to improve the energetic performance of these systems for the Base of the Pyramid.
Without robust water and energy supply the disconnection from Earth would make manned Space missions impossible. As such many interesting off-grid circular concepts in both domains have been developed over the past decades and they are often also closely connected to food production. Resource- constraint communities in many African, Latin American and Asian countries are unfortunately, despite being on Earth, equally disconnected from water, sanitation and energy.  For this reason the UN dedicated SDG 6 and 7 to the water and energy domain.
Off-grid technological concepts designed for Space missions should become a source of inspiration to develop frugal technologies that can provide basic resources like water and energy for the Base of the Pyramid. Like in Space, solar energy is an abundant energy source, but it’s availability is dependent on the cyclic nature of planetary motion. Due to our metabolic requirements,  human, food and agricultural residues can be considered a continuously available resource.  Anaerobic digestion technology is often employed for water treatment and biogas production from these streams, but due to the small scale its potential to contribute to SDG7 remains small. 
Biogas Solid Oxide Fuel Cells offer a scalable small scale alternative that could form the interface between waste and the renewable power sources like PV, wind and battery. In many settings, solar thermal energy is a forgotten resource, that requires limited resources and could be used to improve the energetic performance of these systems for the Base of the Pyramid.

Biography: 
At TU Delft, Dr Ralph Lindeboom holds a tenure-track position in the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences. In collaboration with TU Delft | Global Initiative, LDE Centre for Frugal Innovation in Africa (CFIA) and the Micro Ecological Life Support System Alternative (MELiSSA) consortium of the European Space Agency he uses water, energy and food constraints experienced in Manned Life Support a source of inspiration to address the sustainable development goals (SDG2, 6 and 7) in his research line Cyclic LOcal Sanitary engineering Solutions in Urban and Rural Environment (CLOSeSURE).
Through a frugal innovation mindset, amongst others “time-proven” anaerobic digestion technology is integrated with advances from the  4th Industrial Revolution like Solid Oxide Fuel cells, advances in Concentrated Solar Power, Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence to develop a new generation of off-grid sanitary engineering solutions suitable for resource affluent and resource constraint communities.