Modular Office Renovation

This project was part of the 2019 Solar Decathlon Europe Challenge and ran from 2017-2019. Visit the project website:

In the Modular Office Renovation (MOR) project, students set out to address the looming housing crisis in major Dutch cities by transforming vacant offices into housing and flexible work spaces; a cost-effective renovation which is also net positive with regards to energy (using PV), water, air and biomass. 

To this end, they introduce a modular system consisting of four elements; a facade module, wall modules, a kitchen/bathroom module and a bedroom/workstation module. By combining modules, housing units of 25, 50 or 75 square meters were created.

Modularity and prefabrication are necessary to achieve the circular economy principles. The off-site production provides opportunities to reduce waste during the construction phases of the project. Finally, the MOR modules are demountable, so that buildings can be returned to their original function. In these cases, the materials used could be disassembled and reused or recycled.


  • Dr. Andy van den Dobbelsteen

Research Line: Ingraining Photovoltaics in Urban Living